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verbs of the report

 投稿者:shuhei  投稿日:2010年 5月20日(木)22時26分52秒
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register, generated, grew, rose, posted, reached, ended
SMC first quarter income surges 7 percent to P2.90 billion

Food, beverage, and packaging conglomerate San Miguel Corporation (SMC) registered a net income of P2.90 billion for the first quarter of 2010, up 7% from the same period last year.

Driven by strong sales from its domestic beer and hard liquor businesses, SMC generated consolidated sales revenue of P44.7 billion, a 7% improvement from 2009 figures.

With higher sales, improved margins and managed fixed costs across the group, consolidated operating income rose 35% to P 5.79 billion.

Domestic beer operations for the first quarter delivered sales volumes of 43.8 million cases, 2%  higher than in the previous year. With higher selling prices, sales revenue reached P13.4 billion, up 7% from 2009 levels.

With stable raw material prices, SMB’s operating income grew 20% to P4.65 billion.  Net income ended at P2.75 billion, a 3% improvement from the previous year.

In SMB’s overseas markets, volumes were strongest in Hong Kong, Indonesia, Thailand, and its Exports business resulting in sales revenues of US$ 59.7 million, 5% higher than the previous year. The company’s mainland China operations continue to face stiff competition

Hard liquor
Ginebra San Miguel Inc. (GSMI) posted positive results with domestic sales 14% better than 2009 levels, with core brands Ginebra San Miguel Gin and GSM Blue delivering growth.

Sales revenue reached P5.57 billion and operating income stood at P474 million, both higher by 22% and 14% respectively, owing to favorable sales volume performance, more stable fuel prices and lower molasses costs.  Net income ended at P317 million, again higher than last year.

San Miguel’s food group meanwhile posted consolidated sales revenue of P18.7 billion in the first quarter, two percent higher than in 2009, driven by favorable selling prices from almost all businesses.  With improved operational efficiencies, lower raw material prices and effective fixed cost management, operating income more than doubled to P1.36 billion.

Sales revenue for the conglomerate’s packaging business was at P5.58 billion for the first three months, an 11% growth over the previous year, due to higher sales of plastics and metal containers.

Despite improved efficiencies and better management of fixed costs, operating income ended at P516 million, lower than in 2009, due to higher raw material costs.



explain the outline of budget variance

 投稿者:shuhei  投稿日:2010年 5月16日(日)22時00分9秒




 投稿者:shuhei  投稿日:2010年 5月13日(木)22時49分49秒


 投稿者:shuhei  投稿日:2010年 5月13日(木)22時07分32秒
        act   budget  deference
sales  80     100     - 20   80%
PL      5      6      -1

Environmental sustainability and World Population Growth

 投稿者:shuhei  投稿日:2010年 5月11日(火)18時53分56秒
  World Population Growth Over Time

The world population has increased a lot in the 20th century and is projected to grow exponentially in the 21st century;mostly in the developing regions.

1) food consumption increase with population growth.
2) resource consumption increase with population growth.
3) energy consumption increase with population growth.
4) environment pollution is worsened by population growth
   pollution of air, water, etc  →  global warming →  climate change

think ! think! think!   what can we do to help stop global warming?

①Historic, current and future population  World 1950-2050

②Historic, current and future population of Asia  1950-2050

③Current world population (ranked)

④Country Data
Iloilo City  1995/ 334,539 → 2007/418,710 +25.2%

⑤Countries with highest GDP

※Ref. World Watch Institute
Earth Policy Institute

homework 2 Liszt La Campanella

 投稿者:shuhei  投稿日:2010年 5月10日(月)21時49分50秒
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  played by Nobuyuki Tsujii


homework 1 may 9th 2010

 投稿者:shuhei  投稿日:2010年 5月10日(月)13時32分8秒
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  Q. environmental sustainability or economic growth?

A. environmental sustainability is top priority.
   Because we can not live in the land under the environmental pollution.

  Developing countries have to take people out of poverty.
  Developed (industrial) countries have to act (make changes) for environmental sustainability.
        → “Sustainable Development”

Environmental Issues
■factor 1
   environmental pollution by developing (economic growth, development, industrialization)
■factor 2
   environmental pollution by defect management of environmental resource
■back ground
a. increase population
b. densely inhabited to a big city
c. need to take people out of poverty
d. weak economic bases
e. seeking to expand their economic activities
f.  the cost of making changes (provision for environmental sustainability)


●Developed (industrial) countries   USA, France, England, Germany, Japan, etc
●        mid                 BRICs  Brazil、Russia、India、China
●Developing countries           Philippines, Malaysia, Cambodia,
●Least Developed countries Somalia, Afghanistan, Uganda

Barack Inaugural Address's speech  jan 21st 2009

I stand here today humbled by the task before us, grateful for the trust you have bestowed, mindful of the sacrifices borne by our ancestors. I thank President Bush for his service to our nation, as well as the generosity and cooperation he has shown throughout this transition. ~
For everywhere we look, there is work to be done. The state of the economy calls for action, bold and swift, and we will act - not only to create new jobs, but to lay a new foundation for growth. We will build the roads and bridges, the electric grids and digital lines that feed our commerce and bind us together. We will restore science to its rightful place, and wield technology's wonders to raise health care's quality and lower its cost. We will harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our factories. And we will transform our schools and colleges and universities to meet the demands of a new age. All this we can do. And all this we will do. ~
manates from the justness of our cause, the force of our example, the tempering qualities of humility and restraint.
 We are the keepers of this legacy. Guided by these principles once more, we can meet those new threats that demand even greater effort - even greater cooperation and understanding between nations. We will begin to responsibly leave Iraq to its people, and forge a hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. With old friends and former foes, we will work tirelessly to lessen the nuclear threat, and roll back the specter of a warming planet. We will not apologize for our way of life, nor will we waver in its defense, and for those who seek to advance their aims by inducing terror and slaughtering innocents, we say to you now that our spirit is stronger and cannot be broken; you cannot outlast us, and we will defeat you.